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Spiritual Leadership Model as a Paradigm for Nursing Leadership: A Review Article

parivash jahandar, Mansoureh Zagheri tafreshi, Maryam Rassouli, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh




Introduction: The aim of this study was to explain how the spiritual leadership model
could be used as a paradigm for nursing leadership. Nursing leaders play a critical role
in the management of the health care system. Spiritual leadership is a new area that has
recently been considered in nursing management.
Methods: In this review article, electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google
Scholar and Science Direct) were searched from September 2014 to July 2016 to find
relevant articles using keywords, such as spirituality, leadership, management, nurses
and motivation. In this regard, the articles that fulfilled the goals of the study that were
written in English or Persian, had their full texts accessible, and were published in the
intended time interval were entered in the study. The articles without authors’ names
and dates and non-scientific papers were excluded from the study. On the whole, a total
of 120 articles were obtained, of which 48 were selected and analyzed.
Results: A review of the literature focusing on spiritual leadership demonstrated that
the spiritual leadership model has been examined in different countries, various fields
of the industry, trade training, and the health system with positive individual and
organizational consequences. It seems that the characteristics of this style of leadership
fits the nursing profession as well. Of course, more large-scale future studies for testing
this model of leadership in the field of nursing will bring about more promising results.
Conclusions: Spiritual leadership could improve the organizational productivity and
employees’ satisfaction. Nursing leaders should have paid greater attention to this type
of leadership to achieve positive organizational outcomes; therefore, they need more
training in this issue..


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/anm.v27i3.15213