Assessment of Hearing Loss in Iranian Professional Pop Singers through the Soundlog and Temporary Hearing Loss Test Softwares

Hasti Borgheipour, Afshin Ahmadi Shahrabad, Shakiba Bakhtom, Ghazaleh Monazami Tehrani

14

Abstract

Background and Aims: Noise induced hearing loss is a sensory-neural phenomenon which happens slowly due to continued or alternative sound exposure. Singers are one of the working groups who are at the risk of hearing loss. This study aimed to assess the hearing loss of Iranian professional pop singers.

Materials & Methods: In this study, two SoundLog and Temporary Hearing Loss Test softwares have been used to measure temporary threshold shift (TTS), level of sound (LAeq), maximum level of sound, as well as the level of equivalent sound in 8 hours (LAeq, 8h)  with and without hearing protection device (HPD). Data analysis was conducted using SPSS 18 software. All stages of this research were conducted ethically.

Results: The sound level, maximum sound level and equivalent level of sound in 8 hours without using hearing protection equipment and by using hearing protection equipment were 84.3 ± 9.6 and 86.7 ± 7.1; 118.9 ± 2.8 and 120.7 ± 2.7 and 78.4 ± 8.9 and 82.5± 5.8, respectively. Also, the hearing loss level in the sample was 2.4 ± 7.1 and 0 db, according to the intervention.

Conclusion: The results indicated the applicability of the programs. Therefore, without the need for an expert, a person can understand the sound exposure level during his performance. Thus, these tools, suitable personal protective equipment and continuous monitoring will lead to early detection of hearing loss in these groups.

Full Text:

PDF

References

- Golmohammadi R, Amjad Sardrudi H, Dormohammadi A, Musavi S. Study of occupational noise - induced hearing loss in a tractor manufacturing plant. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal 2013; 4(3):28-33 (In Persian).

- Kurmis A, Apps S. Occupationally-acquired noise-induced hearing loss: A senseless workplace hazard. International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health 2007; 20(2):127-36.

- Ahmed H, Dennis J, Badran O, Ismail M, Ballal S, Ashoor A, et al. Occupational noise exposure and hearing loss of workers in two plants in eastern Saudi Arabia. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 2001; 45(5):371-80.

- Hu A, Hofmann E, Davis J, Capo J, Krane N, Sataloff RT. Hearing loss in singers: a preliminary study. Journal of Voice 2015; 29(1):120-24.

- Lüders D, Gonçalves CGdO, Lacerda ABdM, Ribas Â, Conto Jd. Music students: conventional hearing thresholds and at high frequencies. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology 2014; 80(4):296-304.

- Cook-Cunningham SL, Grady ML, Nelson H. Hearing dose and perceptions of hearing and singing effort among university choir singers in varied rehearsal and performance settings. International Journal of Research in Choral Singing 2012; 4(1):19-35.

- Russo FA, Behar A, Chasin M, Mosher S. Noise exposure and hearing loss in classical orchestra musicians. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 2013; 43(6):474-78.

- Penzkofer M, Finé F, Kluth K. Risks to the hearing of musicians–Subjective and objective evaluation of sound exposures in a non-professional orchestra. Procedia Manufacturing 2015; 3:4485-92.

- Fatoloolomi M, Safavi Naieni A, Fattai Bafghi A. Association between playing musical instruments and hearing loss. Research in Medicine 2005; 29(4):319-23.

- Mirhaj P, Mohammad Khani G, Sedaie M, Faghihzadeh S. The effect of music on hearing of string musicians. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2006; 14(2):56-62.

- Williams W, Zhou D, Stewart G, Knott P. Facilitating occupational noise management: The use of a smartphone app as a noise exposure, risk management tool. Journal of Health and Safety, Research and Practice 2017; 9(1):3-9.

- Chasin M. Musicians and the prevention of hearing loss. Proceedings of the AES International Conference on Music Induced Hearing Disorders 2018 Jun. 11; Toronto, Canada.

- Kim JO, Mueller CW. Introduction to Factor Analysis: What It Is and How To Do It. London: SAGE Publications; 1978.

- Tufts JB, Skoe E. Examining the noisy life of the college musician: Weeklong noise dosimetry of music and non-music activities. International Journal of Audiology 2018; 57:S20-S27.

- McBride D, Gill F, Proops D, Harrington M, Gardiner K, Attwell C. Noise and the classical musician. BMJ 1992; 305(6868):1561-63.

- Jabbari K, Nassiri P, Monazzam Esmaeelpour MR, Azam K, Faridan M, Heidari L. The relationship between occupational noise exposure and noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) in small-scale industries: a case study in the city of Damavand, Iran. Biotechnology and Health Sciences 2016; 3(4):49-56.

- Biabani A, Aliabadi M, Golmohammadi R. Study of noise reduction rate of hearing protection devices based on microphone in real ear (MIRE) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Ergonomics 2016; 4(2):17-25 (In Persian).

- Rabinowitz PM. Noise-induced hearing loss. American Family Physician 2000; 61(9):2759-60.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.