The effect of education based on self-efficacy theory on self-care behaviors in patients with heart failure in Shahid Modarres Hospital in Kashmar

Nooshin Peyman, Zohre Zadehahmad, Hasan Doosti

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Congestive heart failure is one of the most common cardiovascular disorders and is considered as a chronic, progressive and debilitating disorder. Heart failure is a high prevalence disorder in both developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of
education based on self-efficacy theory on improving self-care behaviors in heart failure patients.
Materials and methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 80 patients suffering from heart failure. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Data were collected using a questionnaire including personal information questions, self-efficacy questionnaire for cardiovascular patients and European self-care behaviors questionnaire in three stages. The obtained results were analyzed by Spss16 software.
Results: The mean age of the patients in the experimental group was 55 ± 8.48 and in the control group 51.6 ± 8.51, respectively. Before intervention, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of self-care behaviors. Following intervention, however, there was a statistically significant difference in self-care behaviors (p = 0.000). There was strong correlation between self-efficacy and disease management, so that with increased self-efficacy, disease management was better.
Conclusion: Given that self-care behaviors are important in patients with heart failure, interventive efforts are important and necessary to improve these behaviors in corresponding patients and thus for controlling the disease and preventing its complications as well as for admission and ultimately for early mortality.

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