The prevalence of dental caries in primary molars and its related factors in 6 and 7 years old children in Shemiranat health center

Behzad Kalantari, Jamileh Rahmannia, Hossein Hatami, Somaieh Karkhaneh, Ahmadreza Farsar, Alireza Sharifpoor, Bahar Zahedi

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Healthy People plan that is expressed by WHO stipulated that by 2000 at least 50% of the children and by 2010, 90% of 6-5 year-old children should be with no caries in their primary teeth. The present study investigated the prevalence of teeth decay of D, E and related factors in 6 and 7 years old children.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 to assess the bases covered by student Shemiranat health center. Study population including 5000 students aged 6 and 7 and the sample size of 450 patients was available in sampling method. Data in a form that was designed for this study were collected and analyzed using Epi data and SPSS software.
Results: The index dmft (Decayed Missed Filled Teeth) in primary teeth D and E is equaled to 2.46 and prevalence of dental caries E and D were estimated 63.4%. There is significant relationship between decay of teeth D and E and father education (Pvalue<0.001) and mother education (Pvalue<0.001) children age (Pvalue<0.001) locality of children whether they live in rural or urban regions (Pvalue <0.001) economic condition of families (P value<0.001) and social status (Pvalue<0.001) with number of decay teeth.
Conclusion: The results imply on high prevalence of teeth caries among the children molar covered by Shemiranat health center so that the number of teeth without caries is far from the global measures and WHO. Likewise there is a significant relationship between social and economical status with children decay teeth and there is a need to pay more attention to mouth health in poor regions from the social and economical point of views.
Key words: Prevalence of carries, D and E teeth, dmf

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