Investigating the safety atmosphere and its associated factors in a construction firm in 2011

Mohammad Javad Jafari, Mehdi Gharari, Mohtasham Ghafari, Leila Omidi, Gholamreza Asadolah Fardi

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Safety performance in construction industries is a major concern. Occupational injuries and fatalities in these industries are so frequent indicating high rate of accidents. Improper comprehension and safety culture of workers may lead to unsafe behaviors which ultimately result in accidents. This work was conducted to investigate the safety climate and its associated factors in a construction firm.
Materials and Methods: A validated questionnaire was used to determine the safety atmosphere and its relevant factors in two sites of a construction firm. According to MORGAN Table, 347 workers of a construction firm were randomly selected. The relations among safety atmosphere factors, as well as demographic characteristics were determined. Spearman’s rho test was used to analysis the data.
Results: A meaningful relationship among the safety atmosphere factors was observed in both building workshops according to the Spearman’s rho test. The results also showed that management commitment factor was most associated with stress factors of production. There were significant relationships between age and some safety atmosphere factors such as safety training, production pressure, encouraging raising safety, and rule breaking (p<0.05). Job category had significant relationships with some factors including production
pressure, encouraging raising safety, and safety committees (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Safety atmosphere and its associated factors are effective tools to determine the safety condition in the studied construction firm.
Key words: Safety climate, Safety climate factors, Accident, Demographical features.

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