Perceived Social Support from Family and Friends and Early Maladaptive Schemas among Female and Male Delinquent and Non-delinquent Adolescents

Anahita khodabakhshi koolaee1, Fatemeh Alizadeh, Ladan Mansoor, Taghi Pour-Ebrahim, Mohammad-Reza Falsafinejad

Abstract


840

Background and Objective: Adolescence, period of transition from childhood to adulthood, is time with changes in social, psychological, behavioral, and physical situations. These changes combined with the cultural, social and family backgrounds’ adolescents, can lead to social problems such as social deviations (delinquency).This study aims to compare the components of perceived social support and early maladaptive schemas in adolescents (male and female) delinquent and non-delinquent.

Materials and Methods: This research was based on comparative and causal method. In this research, 100 delinquent adolescents (80 male and 20 female) using convenience sampling method and 100 non-delinquent adolescents (80 male and 20 female) using Cluster sampling method were selected. They completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) questionnaires and Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF). Data analysis was performed via descriptive statistics (Mean and SD.) and analytic methods such as independent T-test.

Results: Delinquent adolescents had higher mean of early maladaptive schemas and instead had lower level of social support. In addition, delinquent boys had higher early maladaptive schemas mean compared to non-delinquent boys and they had different levels of social support. There was a significant difference in perceived social support between delinquent and non-delinquent girls. Also, there was a significant difference between early maladaptive schemas of delinquent and non-delinquent girls.              

Conclusion: The findings showed the importance of providing background for strengthening of social support. Identification of early maladaptive schemas as patterns of emotional and cognitive damage in adolescence can be useful to provide appropriate psychological services to improve the quality of life and increased health-related behaviors of delinquent individual.


Keywords


Perceived social support; Early maladaptive schemas; Delinquent; Adolescents

Full Text:

PDF

440

References


Noori Z. The effect of disorganized family on adolescents delinquency in Ahvaz, Correction and Training Journal 2011;96: 29-36. (Full text in Persian)

Daryaeei L. The relationship between emotion seeking and committed to crime among delinquent adolescents, Correction and Training Journal 2012:115: 5-6. (Full text in Persian)

Vermeiren R. Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: A descriptive and development al perspective. clinical psychology Review 2003;23:277-318.

Pour said SR., Pour Said SM. Child rearing and delinquency of adolescents, Correction and training Journal 2012:117:27-9. (Full text in Persian)

Sadeghi A, Hammidy H. Adolescence and delinquency, correction and training Journal 2005: 307:43-49.(Full text in Persian)

Raeis, A. The study of Role of family on preventing the delinquency in adolescents, Journal of Police knowledge 2005:7(5): 23-34. (Full text in Persian)

Noozari A. the study of psychological disorders among delinquency adolescents in Golestan province, Correction and training Journal 2009:86:17-28. (Full text in Persian)

Taylor SE .Health psychology, 1999, 4th, New York, McGraw hill Publication.

Clara IP, Cox BJ, Enns MW, Murray LT, Torgruudic LJ. Confirmatory factor analysis of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in clinically distressed and student sample. Journal of personality assessment 2003:81(3); 265 -273

Gulact F.The effect of perceived social support on subjective well-being: procedia social and behavioral sciences 2010:2:44-9.

Young JE, klosko JS. Weishaar ME. Schema therapy: A practitioner s Guide 2003, New York. Guilford .translated to Persian by Hassan Hamid pour and Zahra Andooz, Tehran, Arjmand Publication (Text in Persian)

Young JE. Cognitive therapy for personality disorders (Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders): A schema focused approach; 1999, 3th Professional resource press.

Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG & Farley GK. The Multidimensional scale of perceived social support, Journal of personality Assessment 1998:52 (1): 30-41.

Barzamini S. The relationship between perceived social support, self-differential and happiness in Students of Shahid beheshti university, Unpublished Master of art thesis in psychology,2013, Shahid beheshti university, Tehran, Iran. (Full text in Persian)

Ahi GH. The Validation of early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (short version), unpublished thesis of master of art in psychology, 2006, University of Allameh tabatabaee, Tehran, Iran. (Full text in Persian)

Hosseinian S, Zahraie Sh, Khodabakhshi koolaee A. the comparison and relationship between family function and mental health in runaway and non-runaway adolescents, counseling research and development journal 2006;(4)16:25-45. (Full text in Persian)

Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Shaghelani Lor H, Soleimani A, Rahmatizadeh M. Comparing between family power structure and quality of parent-child interaction among the delinquent and non-delinquent adolescents, international Journal of Risk Behavior and Addition 2014;3(2): e13188.

Bakhshani NM, Birashk B, Atef vahid MK, Boolhari J. The relationship between perceived social support and traumatically events with depression, Iranian Journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology 2006:9(2):1-7.(Full text in Persian)

Fukunish I. Akois T. Sposnka T. Correlations for social support with depression in the chronic post stroke period. Perceptual motor skills 1997:85: 811-18.

khodabakhshi koolaee A, Baseri salehi N, Rooshan chesli R, Falsafinejad MR. The compare maladaptive cognitive schemas and irrational beliefs and communicational skills between orphan and non-orphan adolescents, Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing 2014;2(1):1-12. (Full text in Persian)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.