Designing and Explaining a Model of Psychological Resilience based on the Sense of Social Support through Hardiness among High School Students in Sari

Ali Ramazanpour, Mosa Javdan, Iqbal Zarei, Kobra Haj-Alizadeh



Background and Objective: Resiliency is one of the factors that can prevent mental illness among young people and adolescents. This study aimed to explore the relationship between social support, problem-solving skills and resilience through hardiness among high school students in the city of Sari.

Materials and Methods: This correlation study used a structural equation model approach. The statistical population of this study included all high school students in Sari city who were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method to collect the sample size of 360. Data were collected through Resiliency Scale, Social Support Questionnaire and Hard-Working Scale. Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling via SPSS-22 and AMOS-22 software were used to analyze the data.

Results: The mean (SD) age of male students was 13.4 (2.4) and female students (13.8) (2.5), age range=13-14 years. Increased social support with a mean (SD) of 45.3(7.7) was associated with increased hardiness 89.1(16.1) and resiliency 84.3(14.6) are higher. Hardiness also played a mediator role in the relationship between social support and resilience. Among the components of social support, the most influential factor was family support with factor load of 0.87, the concept of competence and acceptance of affection with factor load of 0.75 were the most influential factors in resilience, and commitment was the most influential factor in hardiness with factor load of 0.89.

Conclusion: The study showed that increased social support was associated with hardiness and resilience. In addition, increased hardiness was associated with increased social support impact on resiliency.



Psychological resilience; Social support; Hardiness; Students

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