Effectiveness of Emotional Schema Therapy on Marital Intimacy among Couples on the Brink of Divorce

Amin Asgari, Kourosh Goodarzi

Abstract


61

Background and Objective: Reduced marital intimacy disrupts family function, durability and sustainability of marriage. Low intimacy leads to a rise in inappropriate interactions, reduced satisfaction and happiness in marriage, and leads to a desire to get a divorce among couples. Therefore, the present study aimed to define the effect of emotional schema therapy on marital intimacy among couples on the brink of divorce.

Materials and Methods: This study was of semi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test, follow-up and control group. Among all couples at the Justice Department in cities of Shahin Shahr and Meymeh in 2017 and applied for a divorce, 54 couples who had a standard deviation below the average of Bagarozzi's marital intimacy questionnaire, were selected by purposeful sampling method, and randomly divided into three groups: experimental, consulting and control. Then, the experimental group participated in the emotional schema therapy and the counulting group in the public conversation course. One month after the completion of the training courses, the groups completed the questionnaire by post-test and three months later they completed the questionnaire again. Data were analyzed by SPSS-22 using single and multivariate analysis of covariance.

Results: Emotional schema therapy increased the mean (SD) of total marital intimacy of couples in the experimental group from 243.8 (57.7) in pre-test to 296.3 (63.5) in post-test and 306.9 (63.4) in follow-up (P<0.05). The effect of the emotional schema therapy on components in post-test was 56.6% for physical intimacy, 40.6% mental intimacy, 38.4% emotional intimacy, 43.2% psycological intimacy, 31.1% sexual intimacy, 27.7% spiritual intimacy, 26.2% scio-creational intimacy, 25% choronological intimacy, and 68.1% aesthetic intimacy. The effect of the emotional schema therapy in follow-up was 68.1% for physical intimacy, 61.3% spiritual intimacy, 60.4% scio-creational intimacy, 51.2% psycological intimacy, 49.5% emotional intimacy, 49.3% mental intimacy, 49.3% sexual intimacy, 48.5% choronological intimacy, and 45.4% aesthetic intimacy (P<0.05). In addition, there was a significant difference between the increase in the scores of marital intimacy and all its components among the couples of the cosulting group compared to the control group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in the follow-up.

Conclusion: The study showed that emotional schema therapy resulted in increased marital intimacy of couples on the brink of divorce.

 

DOI: http://doi.org/10.22037/ch.v6i2.23281


Keywords


Couples on the brink of divorce; Emotional Schema Therapy; Marital Intimacy

Full Text:

PDF

6

References


Mirgain S, Córdova J V. Emotion skills and marital health : The association between observed and self-reported emotion skills, intimacy, and marital satisfaction. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.2017; 26(3):941-967.

Patrick S, Sells J N, Giordano F G, Tollerud T R. Intimacy, differentiation, and personality variables as predictors of marital satisfaction. The Family Journal.2017; 15(2):359-367.

Minnott K L, Pedwrsen D, Mannon S. The emotional Terrain of parenting and marriage: emotion work and satisfaction.The Social Screuce Journal.2018; 47(4):747-761.

Sho`a Kazemi M. Comparative Study of Domestic violence,Couple Burnout and Self-esteem in Regular Women and Female Clients of Family Court in Tehran. Journal of Women and Family Studies.2017; 5(1): 35-52. (Full Text in Persian)

Zahd Babolan, A, Hosseni Shorabeh, M, Peri Kamrani M, Dehghan F. Compare marital satisfaction, marital conflict and forgiveness in ordinary couples in divorce. Family Pathology, Counseling & Enrichment Journal. 2016;1(2):74-84. (Full Text in Persian)

Nowlan K M, Georgia E J, Doss B D. Long-Term Effectiveness of Treatment -as-Usual Couple Therapy for Military Veterans. Behavior Therapy, In press, corrected proof. 2017;32(4):163-181.

Calvert G, Smith L, Brockman C, Simpson M. A narrative review of schemas and schema therapy outcomes in the eating disorders. Clinical Psychology Review. 2018; 39(6): 30-41.

Leahy R L. Motional schemas and resistance to change in anxiety disorders. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2017; 14(3): 36-45.

Leahy R L, Tirch D, Napolitano L A. Emotion Control Techniques in Psychotherapy (Practical Guide). Mansoori Rad A. (Persian Translator). second edition .Tehran: Arjomand. 2016; pp 416-437.

Bloch L, Haase C M, Levenson R W. Emotion regulation predicts marital satisfaction: More than a wives’ tale. Emotion. 2017; 14(1): 130–144.

Greef A P, Malherb H L. Intimacy and marital satisfaction in spouses. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy. 2017; 27(3): 247-256.

Davoodvandi, M, Navabinejad S, Farzad V. The Effectiveness of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy in Improving Marital Adjustment and Couples Intimacy. Quarterly Journal of Family and Research (QJFR). 2018;15(1):39-56. (Full Text in Persian)

Leahy R L. Emotional Schema Therapy. Jahangiri S.(Persian Translator). Tehran: Ebne Sina Publications.2015; pp 324-341.

Adl H A, Shafi Abadi A, Pirani Z. The Effctiveness of Group Therapy based on Quality of Life on Marital Intimacy in Infertile Women. Arak Medical University Journal (AMUJ). 2016; 19(115): 59-71. (Full Text in Persian)

Etemadi O, Navvabinezhad S, Ahmadi S A, Farzad V. A Study on the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behaviour Couple Therapy on Couple s Intimacy That Refer to Counselling Centres in Esfahan. Psychological Studies, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Al-Zahra University. 2006;2(1&2):69-87. (Full Text in Persian)

Khamseh A, Hoseyniyan S. Gender Differences between Intimacy Dimensions of Married College Students. Quarterly Journal of Women s Studies Sociological and Psychological. 2008;6(1):35-52. (Full Text in Persian)

Leahy R L. Invited Contribution Emotional Schema Therapy: A Meta-experiential Model. Australian Psychologist. 2016;51(2):82–88.

Cavell M. Freedom and forgiveness. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 2017;84(3), 515-531.

Pirsaghi F, Nazari, A, Na'imi G, Shafai M. Forgiveness; the role of defensive styles and emotional schemas. Psychiatric Nursing .2015;3(1):59-69. (Full Text in Persian)

Daneshmandi S, Izadikhah Z, Kazemi H, Mehrabi H. The effectiveness of emotional schema therapy on emotional schemas of female victims of child abuse and neglect. J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci. 2014;22(5):1481-1494. (Full Text in Persian)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.