The Effectiveness of Reality Group Therapy on Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Well-being of Married Women Employed in Telecommunication Company

Ameneh Hajikaram, Mohammad Ghamari, Mojtaba Amiri-Majd



Background and Objective: Work-family conflict is a friction of roles in which the pressures from the field of work as well as family are in some ways incompatible which negatively affects the well-being of employed women. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of reality group therapy on work-family conflict and psychological well-being of married women working in Telecommunication Company.

Materials and Methods: The present study was had a quasi-experimental design with pre-test-post-test with control group. The statistical population of this study included all married female workers of Tehran Telecommunication Company in 2017, from whom 60 were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into two groups: experimental and control. The intervention was conducted for the experimental group. Data were collected by Scale of Psychological Well-being and Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using single-variable covariance analysis by SPSS-22 software.

Results: The mean (SD) age of participants in the experimental group was 38.7 (4.4) and the control group 37.2 (4.6). The mean (SD) work-family conflict score in the experimental group was 17.1 (1.9) in pre-test, which was reduced to 14.9 (2.3) in post-test (P<0.01); however, the mean (SD) score of the control group was 16.5 (1.6) in the pre-test and varied to 16.1 (1.4) in the post-test, which was not statistically significant. The mean (SD) psychological well-being score of the experimental group was 41.6 (7.7) in pre-test, which increased to 47.4 (7.9) in post-test (P<0.001); however, the mean (SD) score in the control group was 41.5 (4) in the pretest and 42.8 (3.9) in post-test, which was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: The study showed that reality group therapy led to a reduction of work-family conflict and an increase in the psychological well-being of married women working in the Telecommunication Company.


Reality Therapy; Work-Family Conflict; Psychological Well-being; Employed Women

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