Comparing Social Development, Cognitive-motor Development and Behavioral Problems of First Grade Female Students in Primary School with and without Kindergarten Service

Bahram Movahedzadeh--- Assistant Professor of Psychology, Faculty of psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran,
Raziyeh Safaei-Ardakani--- Master of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University Yasuj Branch, Yasuj, Iran

Abstract


11

Background and Objectives: As children grow up, they experience particular emotional and behavioral problems
that are due to growth pressures and compliance with family and community expectations. The aim of this study
was to compare the social development, cognitive-motor development and behavioral problems of elementary and
elementary girl students from the day care center of Yasuj city.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted as a causal study with the participation of fist grade elementary
school students in Yasuj city in the academic year of 2015-16. 132 of them were selected by random sampling. In
this study, 69 (52.3%) participants were enrolled and 63 (47.7%) were non-edible from kindergarten services. Data
were collected using Vineland’s Social Development Questionnaire, Rutter Behavioral Disorders Questionnaire
and Knowledge Development, Social Communication, and Newshe Scale. Data was entered in SPSS-22 software
and analyzed by the independents t-test.
Results: The mean (SD) of social growth scores in nursing children and nursing homes was 8 (0.8) and 6.9
(1.2), cognitive development was 12.5 (3.6) and 9.7 (9.1) and motor development were 16.1 (4.4) and 12.9 (1.8)
(P<0.001). Also the signifiant difference among the general self-esteem in children with and without edema were
10.7 (2.1), 2 (9.2) and (P=0.005), self-help in eating 2.8 (0.9) and 6.6 (1.6) and self-help in wearing 8.4 (0.9), 7
(3.1) and (P=0.001). On the other hand, behavioral disorders, including overactive aggression were 6.3 (2.3) and
8.2 (2.2), social incompatibility 5.3 (2.2) and 6.5 (1.1) and antisocial behaviors were 5.7 (2.2) and 7.1 (0.2) in the
girls who received the service Kindergarten was less than unpardonable (P=0.001).
Conclusion: The study showed that general self-help of primary school children enjoying child care services was
better than primary school girl students of child care services.


Keywords


Social development, Cognitive- motor development, Behavioral problems, Students, kindergarten services

Full Text:

PDF

5

References


Schoemaker K, Mulder H, Deković M, Matthys W. Executive Functions in Preschool Children with Externalizing

Behavior Problems: A Meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2013;41(3):457-71.

Rescorla L-A, Achenbach T-M, Ivanova M-Y, Harder V-S, Otten L, Bilenberg N, Bjarnadottir G, Capron C, De Pauw

S-S, Dias P, Dobrean A. International Comparisons of Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Preschool Children:

Parents’ Reports From 24 Societies. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. 2011;40(3):456-67.

Duncan GJ, Magnuson K. The Nature and Impact of Early Achievement Skills, Attention Skills, and Behavior Problems.

Whither Opportunity. 2011 Sep 1:47-70.

Huang CC, Wang LR, Warrener C. Effects of Domestic Violence on Behavior Problems of Preschool-Aged Children: Do

Maternal Mental Health And Parenting Mediate The Effects?. Children and Youth Services Review. 2010;32(10):1317-

Gartstein M-A, Putnam S-P, Rothbart M-K. Etiology of Preschool Behavior Problems: Contributions of Temperament

Attributes in Early Childhood. Infant Mental Health Journal. 2012;33(2):197-211.

Comer J-S, Chow C, Chan P-T, Cooper-Vince C, Wilson L-A. Psychosocial Treatment Effiacy for Disruptive Behavior

Problems in Very Young Children: A Meta-analytic Examination. Journal of the American Academy of Child &

Adolescent Psychiatry. 2013;52(1):26-36.

Samarakkody D, Fernando D, McClure R, Perera H, De Silva H. Prevalence of Externalizing Behavior Problems in Sri

Lankan Preschool Children: Birth, Childhood, and Sociodemographic Risk Factors. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric

Epidemiology. 2012;47(5):757-62.

Bulotsky-Shearer R-J, Fantuzzo J-W. Preschool Behavior Problems in Classroom Learning Situations and Literacy

Outcomes in Kindergarten and First Grade. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. 2011;26(1):61-73.

Zhang X, Sun J. The Reciprocal Relations between Teachers’ Perceptions of Children’s Behavior Problems and Teacher–

Child Relationships in the First Preschool Year. The Journal of Genetic Psychology. 2011;172(2):176-98.

Posthumus JA, Raaijmakers MA, Maassen GH, Van Engeland H, Matthys W. Sustained Effects of Incredible Years

as a Preventive Intervention in Preschool Children with Conduct Problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

;40(4):487-500.

Brotman LM, Calzada E, Huang KY, Kingston S, Dawson McClure S, Kamboukos D, Rosenfelt A, Schwab A, Petkova

E. Promoting Effective Parenting Practices and Preventing Child Behavior Problems in School among Ethnically

Diverse Families from Underserved, Urban Communities. Child Development. 2011;82(1):258-76.

Kochanska G, Kim S, Boldt LJ, Yoon JE. Children’s Callous Unemotional Traits Moderate Links between Their Positive

Relationships with Parents at Preschool Age and Externalizing Behavior Problems at Early School Age. Journal of Child

Psychology and Psychiatry. 2013;54(11):1251-60.

Marshall B, Cardon P, Poddar A, Fontenot R. Does Sample Size Matter in Qualitative Research?: A Review of Qualitative

Interviews in IS Research. Journal of Computer Information Systems. 2013;54(1):11-22.

Sparrow SS, Balla DA, Cicchetti DV. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology.

:2618-21.

Tajar J. Psychological Analyzing of Unsupervised Children in Iran. Advances in Environmental Biology. 2014;8(13):885-

Jafari Z, Ashayeri H, Malayeri S, Alaedini F. Validity and Reliability of Newsha Cognitive, Social Communication

and Motor Development Scale in Persian Speaking Children. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology.

;15(1):18-24. (Full Text In Persian)

Jafari Z, Asad-Malayeri S. The Psychometric Properties of Newsha Developmental Scale: An Integrated Test for Persian

Speaking Children. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;22(1):28. (Full Text In Persian)

Stone L-L, Otten R, Engels R-C, Vermulst A-A, Janssens J-M. Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher

Versions of the Strengths and Diffiulties Questionnaire For 4-To 12-Year-Olds: A Review. Clinical Child and Family

Psychology Review. 2010;13(3):254-74.

Yousef N, Dadgar H, Mohammadi MR, Jalilevand N, Keyhani MR, Mehri A. The Validity and Reliability of Autism

Behavior Checklist in Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry. 2015;10(3):144. (Full Text in Persian)

Chen JJ. Gender Differences in Externalising Problems among Preschool Children: Implications for Early Childhood

Educators. Early Child Development and Care. 2010;180(4):463-74.

Hall J, Sylva K, Sammons P, Melhuish E, Siraj-Blatchford I, Taggart B. Can Preschool Protect Young Children’s

Cognitive and Social Development? Variation By Center Quality and Duration of Attendance. School Effectiveness and

School Improvement. 2013;24(2):155-76.

Martel M-M, Gremillion M-L, Roberts B. Temperament and Common Disruptive Behavior Problems in Preschool.

Personality and Individual Differences. 2012;53(7):874-9.

Anders Y, Grosse C, Roßbach HG, Ebert S, Weinert S. Preschool and Primary School Inflences on the Development

of Children’s Early Numeracy Skills Between the Ages of 3 And 7 Years In Germany. School Effectiveness and School

Improvement. 2013;24(2):195-211.

Loeb S, Bridges M, Bassok D, Fuller B, Rumberger RW. How Much Is Too Much? The Inflence of Preschool Centers

on Children’s Social and Cognitive Development. Economics of Education Review. 2007;26(1):52-66.

Camilli G, Vargas S, Ryan S, Barnett WS. Meta-analysis of the Effects of Early Education Interventions on Cognitive

and Social Development. Teachers College Record. 2010;112(3):579-620.

Hong G, Raudenbush SW. Evaluating Kindergarten Retention Policy: A Case Study of Causal Inference for Multilevel

Observational Data. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 2006;101(475):901-10.

Armbruster B-B. Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read: Kindergarten

Through Grade 3. Diane Publishing; 2010.

Livesey D, Keen J, Rouse J, White F. The Relationship between Measures of Executive Function, Motor Performance

and Externalising Behaviour In 5-And 6-Year-Old Children. Human Movement Science. 2006;25(1):50-64.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright, Community Health Journal, Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.  All Rights Reserved.