The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Food Handlers Health Applicants in Areas Covered by Shomal Health Center in Tehran in 2016

Hossein Hatami--- Professor of Infectious and Tropical Diseases and Public Health (MPH), Department of Public Health, School of Health & Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Victoria Azarbarzin--- MD and Master student of MPH, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract


7

Background and objectives: Intestinal parasitic infections are one of the most important health problems of many
societies. Food handlers who are not comply with health principles may transmit parasitic infections. The aim of
this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in food handlers health applicants in
areas covered by Shomal Health Center in Tehran in 2016.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 4072 of related food workers
who referred to six health centers in Shomal Tehran for obtaining a health card. All specimens were examined by
direct method (wet method with Logel) for presence of parasite. The collected data were entered into SPSS-22
statistical software and analyzed using descriptive statistics.
Results: In this study, 950 (23.3%) of participants were female and 3122 (76.7%) were male. Intestinal parasitic
infections were seen in 271 (7.7%). From these cases, 148 (54.6%) were Giardia and 72 (26.6%) Anthamobacilli,
21 (7.7%), Anthamobihistolitis, 19 (0.7%) Ascaris and 11 (7.3%) Tennia. There was no relationship between the
age and level of education of the participants and the intestinal parasitic infection.
Conclusion: The study showed that few food suppliers were contaminated with intestinal parasites and the most
common cause of infection was Giardia. Health control needs to be increased and in this regard, the continuation
and development of education in order to improve the health of these people plays a decisive role.


Keywords


Prevalence, Intestinal parasitic infection, Food handlers

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