Comparing Dysfunctional Attitudes, Procrastination and Decision-making Styles in Addicted, with and without Relapse

ّFateme Hasanabadi--- Master of Family counseling, Faculty of psychology & Educational Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran,
Mojtaba Habibi Asgarabad--- Assistant Professor of Health Psychology, Department of Health Psychology, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry-School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Abolghasem Khoshkonesh--- Assistant Professor, Faculty of psychology & Educational Sciences , Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract


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Background and Objectives: Drug addiction is a chronic and relapse disorder that leads to many negative
consequences, so this study was to compare dysfunctional attitudes, procrastination and decision making
styles with and without a history of relapse in addicts was conducted.
Material and Methods: This study is a descriptive comparative research.The 180 addicts staffs include 90
participant with relapse (relapse in less than 6 month) and 90 participant without relapse (without relapse
in 18 month) were selected by aimed and available sampling and participated in this study. All participants
were asked to complete the Dysfunctional attitudes (DAS), Procrastination, Decision- making style (GDMS).
Data was analyzed using independent t-test and analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that the
two groups with and without a history of relapse are signifiant differences in procrastination, dysfunctional
attitudes and decision-making styles scale.
Results: Procrastination (P=0.037) and dysfunctional attitudes (P=0.001) in addicts with a history of relapse
is signifiantly higher than addicts without a history of relapse. Also addicts with a history of relapse use
rational decision-making style (P=0.001) less and Intuitive decision-making style (P=0.001) more than
addicts without a history of relapse. There was no signifiant difference between two groups in spontaneous,
dependent, avoidant decision-making styles.
Conclusion: In general, procrastination, dysfunctional attitudes and decision-making styles are related with
relapse of addiction.


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