The Relationship between Children Behavioral Disorders with Parenting Styles and Attachment Styles

Shirin Tarkeshdooz, Pegah Farokhzad



Background and Objectives: Many researchers believe that behavioral disorder which a common
and disabling disorder for families is the environment and children. This study aimed to investigate
the relationship between children behavioral disorders with parenting styles and attachment styles.
Material and Methods: The study was correlational. The study population included all girls and
boys students with behavioral problems in third to fith grades of primary school in Tehran, regions
1 and 2 to the number 47137 in the 2015-16 school year. Using cluster sampling, 252 samples were
selected. The data was completed by the mothers of the students. Pearson correlation coeffiient
and regression analysis were used.
Results: Results showed behavioral disorders signifiant positive correlation with the authoritarian
parenting style (P<0.01) and permissive parenting style (P<0.01). Authoritative parenting style
was not signifiantly correlated with behavioral disorders. As well as behavioral disorders have a
negative correlation with secure attachment style (P<0.05) and ambivalent attachment style/ anxiety
(P<0.01). The predictive role of attachment styles and parenting styles on behavioral disorders
suggests that this model explained 12 percent of variance. Attachment styles and parenting styles
were signifiant predictors (P<0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed that there is a correlation between behavioral disorders and
authoritarian and permissive parenting styles, but there was not a correlation between authoritative
parenting style and behavioral disorders. The results of this study can help child psychologists to
further understand the role of parenting style and parental involvement and appropriate intervention,
taking into account the children’s behavioral disorders.


Behavioral disorders, Attachment styles, Parenting styles

Full Text:




Senchak M, Leonard KE. Attachment Styles and Marital Adjustment among Newlywed Couples. Journal of Social

and Personal Relationships. 1992;9(1):51-64.

Shaver PR, Mikulincer M. New Directions in Attachment Theory and Research. Journal of Social and Personal

Relationships. 2010;27(2):163-72.

Pandina GJ, Bossie CA, Youssef E, Zhu Y, Dunbar F. Risperidone Improves Behavioral Symptoms in Children with

Autism in a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.


Barlow J, Parsons J, Stewart-Brown SL. Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Parenting Programmes in the

Primary and Secondary Prevention of Mental Health Problems. Health Services Research Unit, Department of Public

Health, University of Oxford; 2002.

Baezzat F, Izadifar R, Peyvastegar M. Comparison of Attachment Styles of Students with Conduct Disorder,

Dyslexic and Normal. Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2009;3(3):231-36. (Full Text in Persian)

Ghamkharfard Z, Amrollahinai M, Azad Fallah P. Examining the Predictors of Childhood Anxiety Based on Early

Maladaptive Schemas of Children and Parenting Styles of Mothers. Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2012;6(3):253-62.

(Full Text in Persian)

Tambelli R, Laghi F, Odorisio F, Notari V. Attachment Relationships and Internalizing and Externalizing Problems

بررسی رابطه اختلالات رفتاری کودکان با ... شیرین ترکشدوز و پگاه فرخزاد 125

among Italian Adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review. 2012;34(8):1465-71.

Duchesne S, Larose S. Adolescent Parental Attachment and Academic Motivation and Performance in Early Adolescence1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2007;37(7):1501-21.

Laible DJ, Carlo G, Raffaelli M. The Differential Relations of Parent and peer Attachment to Adolescent Adjustment.

Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2002;29(1):45-59.

Ritakallio M, Luukkaala T, Marttunen M, Pelkonen M, Kaltiala-Heino R. Comorbidity between Depression and

Antisocial Behaviour in Middle Adolescence: TheRole of Perceived Social Support. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry.


Jonbozorgi M, Nouri N, Hosseini K. The Study of Relationship Building Family Values and Self-esteem of

Students. Sociology of the Family. 2010;19:53-64.

Esfandiari, Gh. Review and Compare Parenting Practices of Mothers of Children with Behavioral Disorders and

Behavioral Disorders in Children of Mothers with Normal Children Educational Effect. Master's Dissertation,

Institute of Psychiatry, Iran, Tehran. 1995. (Full Text in Persian)

Uhing BM, Mooney P, Ryser GR. Differences in Strength Assessment Scores for Youth with and without ED Across

the Youth and Parent Rating Scales of the BERS-2. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 2005;13(3):181-7.

Hazan C, Shaver PR. Broken Attachments: Relationship Loss from the Perspective of Attachment Theory. In Close

Relationship Loss 1992, Springer New York: 90-108.

Besharat MA. Development and Validation of Adult Attachment Inventory. Procedia-Social and Behavioral


Muris P, Meesters C, Van Den Berg S. Internalizing and Externalizing Problems as Correlates of Self-reported

Atachment Style and Perceived Parental Rearing in Normal Adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies.


Roelofs J, Meesters C, Ter Huurne M, Bamelis L, Muris P. On theLinks between Attachment Style, Parental Rearing Behaviors, and Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Non-clinical Children. Journal of Child and family

Studies. 2006;15(3):319-32.

Reitz E, Deković M, Meijer AM. The Structure and Stability of Externalizing and Internalizing Problem Behavior

during Early Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2005;34(6):577-88.

Allah Jagrdy M, Sarabian S, Asgharpour N. Comparing Mothers of children with and without Behavior Problems

Attachment Ages 12-8 Years. Journal of Mental Health. 2014;17(1):26-37. (Full Text in Persian)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright, Community Health Journal, Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.  All Rights Reserved.