Strategic Factors of Household Solid Waste Segregation at Source Program, Awareness and Participation of Citizens of the 3 Municipality District of Tehran

Qasem Ghanbari, Shahnam Arshi, Mehdi Kamri, Maryam Soroush-Zadeh

Abstract


165

Background and Objective: Solving the problems caused by household solid waste and its management without the continuous cooperation of the citizens as the main producers of household solid waste is impossible. The aims of this study were to define strategic factors of Household Solid Waste Segregation at Source Program and the level of awareness and participation of citizens in the program.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study we interviewed 640 citizens of the 3 Municipality District of Tehran. Internal Factor Evaluation and External Factor Evaluation matrices were used to assess the strategic factors of the program.

Results: Of 640 participants, 517 (80.8%) were aware of the program, and 383 (59.9%) participated in the program. Among participants 628 (98.1%) were well-informed about the correlation between implementation of the program and environmental health promotion. People between 35 to 45 years showed the most participation rate.

Conclusion: This study showed that citizens showed acceptable awareness of the program and evaluation of internal and external factors indicated high potential to increase public participation in the program.


Keywords


Household Solid Waste, Awareness and Participation, Household Solid Waste Segregation at Source Program

Full Text:

PDF

109

References


Guerrero LA, Maas G, Hogland W, Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries. Waste Management, 2013. 33(1): p. 220-232.

Shabiri M, Saberi M, Citizen Participation is the only way to solve the problem of waste (with approach to environmental education), in Fourth Conference of Environmental Engineering. 2010, Tehran university. (Full Text in Persian)

Abduli, M.A., Recovery of municipal solid waste (reduce, reuse and recirculation), Tehran University press, 2009, p424 (Full Text in Persian)

Saberi M, Majidi G, Nazari S. Management Strategy to reduce waste production at levels and different places, in 2nd Conference Planning and Environmental Management. 2012: Tehran. p. 575. (Full Text in Persian)

Tchobanoglous G, Theisen H, Vigil S, integrated solid wastes management. 1993: McGraw-Hill. 123.

Morris G.E, Duncan M, Holthausen Jr, The Economics of Household Solid Waste Generation and Disposal. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 1994. 26(3): p. 215-234.

Pourazizi B, The Role of Public Participation in improving waste management in Tehran. Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran 2009. (Full Text in Persian)

Amouee oujaki M.A, the design of source separation of municipal solid waste and its impact on urban management (Case Study of District 22 of Tehran), Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, 2008. (Full Text in Persian)

Moharamnejad N, Tehrani M, Evaluation of internal and external factors of urban waste management in metropolitan cities using matrix formation SWOT, Fourth National Conference on Waste Management. 2007, Municipalities and state organizations. (Full Text in Persian)

Malakootian, M, Yghmayyan K, Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of residents of the city of Kerman to the municipal solid wastes management. J Hygiene Public Health, 2003. 2(4): p. 27-38. (Full Text in Persian)

Fahiminia M, Farzadkia M, Nazari S, Evaluation of the Status of Citizen Participation in Municipal Waste Source Separation Plan and Offering Corrective Strategies. Qom University of Medical Sciences, 2013. 7(5): p. 66-72.

Halla F, A SWOT analysis of strategic urban development planning: The case of Dares Salaam city in Tanzania. Habitat International, 2007. 31(1): p. 130


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.