The Impact of Ethical Leadership on Innovative Behavior with Mediating Role of Job Independence

Masomeh Kashefi, Hajie Rajabi Farjad, Sedigheh Tootian Isfahani

Abstract


0

Background and Aim: Organizational managers are seeking strategies for innovative behaviors and enhancing job independence. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of ethical leadership on innovative behaviors with mediating role of the job independence.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study based on structural equation modeling performed on 177 experts of Alborz Electricity Distribution Company. Sampling was done by simple random method. The Brown et als ethical leadership (2005), Janssen et als innovative behaviors (2000) and De Jong and Hartogs job independence questionnaires were used for data collection. Data analysis was done by Spearman correlation test and structural equation modeling using Smart PLS2 and SPSS 23 soft wares.

Findings: There was a significant correlation between ethical leadership, innovative behaviors and job independence (P=0.01). The direct effect of ethical leadership on innovative behavior (β=0.27 , t=2.47) and job independence (β=0.915 , t=18.91), and the effect of job independence on innovative behavior (β=0.65 , t=7.40) was also significant. The indirect effect of ethical leadership on innovative behavior with mediating role of job independence was significant using the Sobel test (β=0.22 , t=2.73).

Conclusion: Applying ethical leadership style can pave the way for job independence and increase innovative behaviors. Therefore, in order to enhance the level of employees' job independence, it is recommended that managers adhere to moral norms such as honesty, fairness, commitment and responsibility in interacting with the employees.

 

Please cite this article as: Kashefi M, Rajabi Farjad H, Tootian Isfahani S. The Impact of Ethical Leadership on Innovative Behavior with Mediating Role of Job Independence. Bioethics Journal 2019; 9(31): 85-96.


Keywords


Ethical Leadership; Innovative Behavior; Job Independence; Fairness; Responsibility

Full Text:

PDF

0

References


Mehramiz S, Burang A, Rostami Nejad M, Mohammad A. Explaining Innovative Teachers' Behaviors Based on Irrational Beliefs and System Thinking. Journal of Innovation and Creativity in the Humanities 2018; 7(3): 195-216. [Persian]

Woodman RW, Sawyer JE, Griffin RW. Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of Management Review 1993; 18(2): 293-321.

Janssen O. Job Demands, Perceptions of Effort-Reward Fairness and Innovative Work Behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 2000; 73(3): 287-302.

Carmelli A, Meitar R. Weisberg J. Self-leadership skills and innovative at work. International Journal of Manpower 2006; 27(1): 75-90.

Martin P, Salanova M, Maria Peiro J. Job demands, job resources and Individual innovation at work: Going beyond Karasek’s model? Psicothema 2007; 19(4): 60-70.

LI CH, WU JJ. The structural relationships between optimism and innovative behavior: Understanding potential antecedents and mediating effects. Creativity Research Journal 2011; 23(2): 119-128.

Federici RA. Principals. Self-efficacy: Relations with job autonomy, job satisfaction and contextual constraints. European Journal of Psychology of Education 2013; 28(1): 73-86.

Caputoa A, Oluremi B, Ayokob N. the moderating role of cultural intelligence in the relationship between cultural orientations and conflict management styles, Journal of Business Research 2016; 89(2): 10-20.

Lin YC, Chen ASY, Song YC. Does your intelligence help to survive in a foreign jungle? The effects of cultural intelligence and emotional intelligence on cross-cultural adjustment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 2012; 36(4): 66-75.

Yılmaz E. The analysis of organizational creativity in schools regarding principals’ ethical leadership characteristics. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2010; 2(2): 39-49.

Moghtadaie L. Relationship between Professional Ethics and Anti-citizenship Behaviors (Case: Staff, Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2012; 20(2): 54-41. [Persian]

Freeman E. Developing Ethical Leadership, Business Roundtable Institute for Corporate Ethics. Virginia: Darden Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Virginia; 2006. Available at: http://www.corporateethics.org/pdf/ ethical_leadership.pdf.

Resick CJ, Hanges PJ, Dickson MW, Mitchelson JK. A cross-cultural examination of the endorsement. Journal of Business Ethics 2013; 2(1): 10-25.

Brown ME, Trevino LK. Ethical leadership: A review and future directions. The Leadership Quarterly 2006; 24(2): 15-20.

Brown ME, Trevino LK, Harrison DA. Ethical leadership: Asocial learning theory perspective for construct development and testing. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 2005; 97(2): 117-134.

Kalshoven K, Den Hartog D, Den Hoogh A. Ethical leadership at work questionnaire (ELW). The Leadership Quarterly 2011; 22(1): 51-69.

Bello SH. Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Job Performance. International Journal of Business and Social Science 2012; 3(11): 228-236.

Fock H, Chiang F, Au YK, Hui KM. The Moderating Effect of Collectivistic Orientation in Psychological Empowerment and Job Satisfaction Relationship. International Journal of Hospitality Management 2011; 30(2): 319-328.

Robbins S. Organization Theory, Organization Structure and Design. Translated by Alvani SM, Danaeefard H. Tehran: Saffar; 2011. [Persian]

Taqi Nejad H, Sohrabi Z, Keikhani S. Analysis of the concept of independence in nursing. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2012; 22(2): 27-43. [Persian]

Deci E, Ryan R. What and Why of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry 2000; 4(11): 227-268.

Rodd J. The Relationship between Self-Determination, Achievement Goal Orientation, and Satisfaction with the Learning Experience: Working with adult lifelong learners. New York: Unpublished doctoral dissertation, the University of New York; 2013.

Brown ME, Treviño LK, Harrison DA. Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 2005; 97(5): 117-134.

Dhar RL. Ethical leadership and its impact on service innovative behavior: The role of LMX and job autonomy. Tourism Management 2016; 57(4): 139-148.

Robbins TL, Crino MD, Fredendall LD. An Integrative Model of the Empowerment Process. Human Resource Management Review 2002; 5(12): 419-420.

Kohestani R, Rashidi Alangheh M. Effect of Ethical Leadership on Creativity and Innovation Based on Social Learning Theory. Tehran: Fourth International Conference on Accounting and Management with New Science Research Approach; 2017. [Persian]

Afkhami V. The role of internal motivation mediators in the relationship between ethical leadership and innovative behavior behaviors among Bukan education managers 2017. MSc dissertation. Payame Noor University of Tehran; [Persian]

Padash F, Golparvar M. The Relationship of Ethical Orientation Leaders with Internal Motivation for Innovation and Creativity of Employees. Journal of Ethics in Behavioral Affairs 2010; 5(1-2): 110-103. [Persian]

Michie S, Gooty J Values, emotions and authenticity: Will the real leader please stand up? Leadership Quarterly 2005; 16(2): 441-457.

Stone D, Deci EL, Ryan RM. Beyond talk: Creating autonomous motivation through self-determination theory. Journal of General Management 2009; 34(2): 75-91.

Murphy WM, Burton JP, Henagan SC, Briscoe JP. Employee reactions to job insecurity in a declining economy: A longitudinal study of the mediating role of job embeddedness. Group & Organization Management 2013; 38(4): 512-537.

Mitchell JN, Dawn C, Kacmar KM, James AR, Lawrence BC. The Virtuous Influence of Ethical Leadership Behavior: Evidence from the Field. Journal of Business Ethics 2009; 90(2) 157-170.

Reeve J. Understanding motivation and emotion. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley; 2001. p.21-48.

Chen BT. Service Innovation Performance in the Hospitality Industry: The Role of Organizational Training, Personal-Job Fit and Work Schedule Flexibility. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management 2017; 26(5): 474-488.

Arabi SM, Moghadam A. Harmonization of HR Strategies with Business Strategy and Organizational Culture. Journal of Management Science of Iran 2007; 2(8): 103-135. [Persian]




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/bj.v9i31.26993

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY-NC 4.0. Copyright © 2016 Bioethics Journal (Quarterly). All rights reserved.  All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS.

For Author | Online Submission | About Contact