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Job Burnout, Stress, and Satisfaction among Emergency Nursing Staff after Health System Transformation Plan in Iran

Nader Tavakoli, Seyed Hosein Shaker, Siamak Soltani, Mohsen Abbasi, Milad Amini, Ali Tahmasebi, Seyed Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh
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Abstract

Introduction: Job burnout, stress, and satisfaction are linked to quality of care, patient outcomes and retention of staff. This study was conducted to determine the mentioned issues among emergency nurses.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all nurses working in the emergency departments of 10 hospitals in Tehran, Iran, in 2017. Standard questionnaires were used for gathering the data of participants regarding job burnout, stress, and satisfaction.

Results: 709 (90%) participants returned the completed questionnaires (58.9% female). The mean age of the nurses was 33 (SD = 7) years. The level of job burnout was moderate in 76.1%, low in 22.5%, and high in 1.4% of the nurses. The level of burnout in the married nursing staff was lower than single nurses (3.78 ± 0.98 versus 4.14 ± 0.58, p = 0.049). The level of job satisfaction was moderate in 61.1%, low in 22.2%, and high in 16.7%. There was a significant correlation between age and job satisfaction (p = 0.027, r = 0.3). Job burnout was directly correlated with job stress (p ≤0.001, r = 0.57) and job burnout was negatively correlated with job satisfaction (p = 0.001, r = -0.41).

Conclusion: More than 60% of the studied emergency nurses had moderate levels of job burnout, stress, and satisfaction. Job burnout had a direct correlation with job stress and indirect correlation with job satisfaction. Planning to reduce burnout of the emergency nursing staff seems to be necessary.


Keywords

Burnout, Professional; occupational Stress; Job Satisfaction; nurses; emergency responders; hospitals

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/emergency.v6i1.21410

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