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Examination of References in Rosen’s Emergency Medicine Text Book, 8th Edition; an Observational Study

Ramazan Güven




Introduction: This study aims to analyze the references that the authors and editors used during the writing of Rosen’s Emergency Medicine, 8th edition.

Methods: 15,209 references, which were used in 197 chapters of Rosen’s EmergencyMedicine, 8th edition, were examined regarding the distribution of countries, journals, publication year, and the department of the affiliation of the first author.

Results: A total of 63.1% (n = 9591) of the references were led by authors from the United States (US). US-based journals were mostly used, and Annals
of Emergency Medicine was the journal from which the references were most frequently extracted, with a percentage of 5.2% (n = 756). The studies conducted by emergency physicians have increased in recent years, and emergency physicians, with a percentage of 17.8% (n = 351), were the leading authors of studies conducted between 2010 and 2013, which were cited in the references of Rosen’s Emergency Medicine, 8th edition.

Conclusion: US-based studies make up a significantly bigger portion of the references used in Rosen’s Emergency Medicine, 8th edition. If Europe and other countries give due importance to emergency medicine, they will have the capability to produce studies that can be used as references in textbooks asmuch as the US.


Emergency medicine; reference books; Europe; publications; United States; writing


Suter RE. Emergency medicine in the United States: a systemic review. World journal of emergency medicine. 2012;3(1):5.

Williams RM. The costs of visits to emergency departments. New England Journal of Medicine. 1996;334(10):642-6.

Zink BJ. Anyone, anything, anytime: a history of emergency medicine: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2006.

Acep.org. International Reports by Country // ACEP. 2017. Available from:https://www.acep.org/ISContent.aspx?id=31034&formdataid=13719#sm.001rkwl5zusycq811131b2m549x8f

Totten V, Bellou A. Development of emergency medicine in Europe. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2013;20(5):514-21.

Rosen P. Marx JA HR, Walls RM, Biros MH, Danzl DF, Gausche-Hill M et al, editor. Philadelphia: PA: Mosby/Elsevier. 2013.

Weinberg S. Recommended Medical Books, EMCrit 2012 [18 Oct. 2017]. Available from: https://emcrit.org/recommended-reading.

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YL Tsai CL, SC Chen and ZS Yen. Top-cited articles in emergency medicine. Am J Emerg Med. 2006;24(6):647-57.

Emergency Medicine Country Rankings, cimago Journal & Country Rank. SJR 1996 [27 Oct 2017]. Available from: http://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php?category=2711&area=2700&year=1996.

Emergency Medicine Journal Rankings, cimago Journal & Country Rank. SJR 2016 [27 Oct 2017]. Available from: http://www.scimagojr.com/journalrank.php?area=2700&category=2711.

Liang Y, Ge H-X, Ma Q-B. Analysis of the Impact Factor of Emergency Medicine Journals in the Past 10 Years. Chinese medical journal. 2016;129(20):2504.

Paltved C, Musaeus P. Qualitative research on emergency medicine physicians: a literature review. International Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2013;3(07):772.

Choi J, You JS, Joo YS. A bibliometric analysis of research productivity of emergency medicine researchers in South Korea. Clinical and experimental emergency medicine. 2016;3(4):245.

Li Q, Jiang Y, Zhang M. National representation in the emergency medicine literature: a bibliometric analysis of highly cited journals. The American journal of emergency medicine. 2012;30(8):1530-4.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/emergency.v6i1.20259