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Epidemiological Pattern of Injuries in Iran; a Nationwide Review of Seven Million Emergency Department Admissions

Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Mashyaneh Haddadi, Soheil Saadat
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Abstract

Introduction: Globally, it is estimated that around 5.8 million people die annually as result of injuries, which causes 10% of all deaths and 16% of disability adjusted life years lost worldwide. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of injuries in emergency departments in Iran.

Method: This cross sectional study was carried out using national injury surveillance data registry from 21 March 2009 to 20 March 2014.

Results: 7,176,344 patients with the mean age of 27.5 ± 17.8 years were registered to 657 EDs (70.6% male). Road Traffic Crash (RTC) was the most common cause of injury (31.0%) followed by hit (28.2%) and fall (10.1%). While roads were the commonest place of injuries, 34.0% of patients have been injured at home. More than 90% of injuries were unintentional. Assault and suicide attempt were causes of injury in 5.6% and 3.9% of patients, respectively.

Conclusion:

This paper addresses where prevention measures are most urgently needed and offers insights which could be useful for injury prevention programs in Iran and other developing countries.


Keywords

Epidemiology; wounds and injuries; epidemiological monitoring; multiple trauma; mortality; accident prevention

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/emergency.v5i1.12272

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