اثربخشی مشاوره گروهی با رویکرد امید درمانی بر تاب آوری و بهزیستی روان شناختی زوجین

میثم شکرایی, مریم مقدم نوری, مهدی قزلسفلو, فرحناز بالوردی

چکیده


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زمینه و هدف: تاب آوری و بهزیستی روان شناختی از جمله متغیرهای مهم جهت شناسایی بهبود کیفیت زندگی افراد است. هدف پژوهش حاضر، تعیین اثربخشی مشاوره گروهی با رویکرد امید درمانی بر تاب آوری و بهزیستی روان شناختی زوجین بود.

روش و مواد: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه تجربی و با طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری مورد نظر شامل زوجین مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره مناطق 1 و 2 شهر تهران بود که به روش نمونه گیری در دسترس، 30 زوج در هر گروه از دو گروه آزمایش و گواه قرار گرفتند. مشارکت کنندگان به پرسشنامه های تاب آوری (CD-RISC) و بهزیستی روان شناختی (SPWB) و سوال های مرتبط با ویژگی های جمعیت شناختی پاسخ دادند. داده ها با روش تحلیل کواریانس تک متغیره و با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS-18 مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند.

یافته ها: میانگین (انحراف معیار) سن گروه امید درمانی (6/1) 2/22 و گروه گواه (7/1) 22 بود که دامنه سنی از 20 تا 25 سال را شامل می شد. میانگین (انحراف معیار) تاب آوری گروه آزمایش در پیش آزمون 4/72 (3/6) بود که در پس آزمون به 8/96 (6/2) افزایش یافت (001/0P<،87/39=F) اما گروه کنترل تفاوت معناداری را در پیش آزمون و پس آزمون نشان نداد. همچنین میانگین (انحراف معیار) بهزیستی روان شناختی گروه آزمایش در پیش آزمون 1/309 (6/27) بود که در پس آزمون به 1/351 (8/20) افزایش یافت (001/0P<،67/48=F) اما در گروه کنترل تفاوتی بین نمرات پیش آزمون و پس آزمون مشاهده نشد.

نتیجه گیری: مطالعه نشان داد درمان مبتنی بر شفقت خود موجب افزایش نمرات تاب آوری، امیدواری، بهزیستی روان شناختی و کاهش خود گسستگی در زنان در حال یائسگی می شود.

 

Abstract

Background and Objective: Resilience and psychological well-being are among the most significant variables for identifying the improvements in quality of life of individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group hope therapy on resilience and psychological well-being of couples.

Materials and Methods: This research was of semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design with control group. Participants included 30 couples who were referred to counseling centers in municipality districts 1 and 2 in the city of Tehran. Participants were selected via convenience sampling method and were divided into two groups of experimental and control. Resilience scale (CD-RISC) and Psychological Well-Being questionnaire (SPWB) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using one-variable covariance analysis method by SPSS-18 software.

Results: The mean (SD) age of participants was 22.2 (1.6) in the experimental group and 22 (1.7) control group, age range=20 to 25. The mean (SD) resilience score in the experimental group was 72.4 (6.3) in the pretest, which increased to 96.8 (2.6) in the post test (P<0.0001, F=39.97). However, the resilience score in the control group did not vary significantly in the pre- and post-test. In addition, the mean (SD) psychological well-being score in the experimental group was 309.1 (27.6) in the pretest, which increased to 351.1 (20.8) in the post-test (P<0.0001, F=48.67). However, the psychological well-being score in the control group did not vary significantly in the pre- and post-test.

Conclusion: The study showed that group hope therapy leaded to increased resiliency and psychological well-being of couples.

Keywords: Hope, Resilience, Health, Couples.


موضوع


تاب آوری، خود گسستگی، امیدواری، بهزیستی روان شناختی، یائسگی

تمام متن:

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مراجع


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ch.v6i1.21022

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