Principle of Nonmaleficence in Islamic Jurisprudence and law and its usage in Biomedical Jurisprudence

Soheila Safaei--- Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.,
Mahmoud Abbasi--- Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract


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Background and Aim: The principle of nonmaleficence is one of the four principles of bioethics. This principle, along with other principles of bioethics has been set as a moral code and guide in the deployment of new biological technologies, especially new achievements in the medical field. The principle of nonmaleficence states that the use of new technologies should not cause injury to any person of peoples, human beings and even nature and animals. The aim of this review is to recognize this principle in the holy religion of Islam that has a very large range and a long history, which is coincided with its emergence and in the Islamic jurisprudence and law it's called "la-zarar act" (the rule of no harm).

Materials and Methods: In this review, using the keywords of the principle of nonmaleficence, the rule of no harm, self-harm, and to ward off likely harm we searched for relevant literature in interpretations of the Holy Quran, narrative texts, juridical reference texts and databases of Google Scholar, SID, Magiran, and NoorMags and related articles were studied.

Ethical Considerations: Honesty and ethics have been observed in searching and referencing.

Findings: The principle of nonmaleficence governs over the humans' all the personal and social relationships and interactions as an inclusive rule and Islam gives veto power to this principle over the other laws and regulations. This principle which is also presented as an ethical principle also includes the principle of nonmaleficence determined in the bioethics of today's global society, but it has quite a different scope and principles.

Conclusion: Based on the principle of nonmaleficence in Islamic Jurisprudence and law and based on wisdom as using medical and biotechnology and testing and research, the human and mankind should not be damaged at all and even if there is a probability of loss or damage, the caution should be made and the harm should be prevented. This principle is general and includes self-harm, too.

Citation: Safaei S. Abbasi M. Principle of Nonmaleficence in Islamic Jurisprudence and law and its usage in Biomedical Jurisprudence. Bioeth Health Law J. 2017; 1(3):13-18.


Keywords


The Principle of Nonmaleficence; La-Zarar and La-Zerar Act (The Rule of No Harm); Self-harm; Warding off the possible Harm

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/bhl.v1i3.19457

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