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Germination and Fermentation of Soybeans: Two Healthy Steps to Release Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity Compounds

Sima Maleki Varnosfaderani, Seyed Hadi Razavi, Anna Maria Fadda
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Abstract

Background and objective: Soybean is one of the most important grains with high proteins, good quality edible oils, appreciable amount of minerals and vitamins. Due to some disadvantages soybeans’ compounds affecting the flavor, odor and stability, different types and levels of processing are considered to make better products with healthy properties. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is one of the modern world diseases, which increases the risk of serious human health problems. There are several systems in humans’ body e.g. angiotensin converting enzyme regulator to blood pressure control. The aim of the present review is to report the effect of germination and fermentation on the concentration of bioactive compounds with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory properties.

Results and conclusion: Many scientific research has demonstrated that germination (sprouting, also known as malting) and fermentation are two effective and inexpensive technologies improving soybean quality. During these two processes, anti-nutritional and bioactive compounds affecting human health e.g. anti-hypertension components have been removed and released, respectively. Furthermore, studies have shown effect of soybean isolated compounds to inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme. Therefore, soybean germination and fermentation could affect the concentration of bioactive compounds with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory properties.

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

 


Keywords

▪ Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory ▪ Bioactive compounds ▪ Fermentation ▪ Germination ▪ Hypertension ▪ Soybean

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/afb.v6i4.25475

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