• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

The Effectiveness Companion of Cognitive Behavioral Interventions and the Sensory Processing Styles Training on Behavioral Problems in Children Aged 7-12 Years

Nasrin Eghbali Ghazijahani, Ramazan Hassanzadeh, Yarali Doosti




Background: Children’s health is very important in societies. Children’s behavioral problems result in efficiency rate reducing in educational performance. Therefore, solving these problems is necessary. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral interventions and sensory processing styles training on children’s behavioral problems (7-12 aged).

Methods: The current study was quasi-experimental with the pretest-posttest design. The statistical population of this research included all elementary students of sari city in 2017-2018. Among them, 90 target students (30 students per intervention) were selected as samples by the clustering sampling method and were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups. Experimental groups received cognitive-behavioral interventions and sensory processing styles training orderly. Control group received no training. A child behavioral questionnaire was used to collect information. After scoring the questionnaire and extracting the data, SPSS-21 software used for statistical analysis of multivariate covariance and independent t test.

Results: The findings showed that cognitive-behavioral interventions and the training of sensory processing styles have a significant effect on behavioral problems in children and have reduced the internalization and extraversion problems in experimental groups and the effectiveness of the cognitive-behavioral intervention in reducing behavioral problems in children is more significant than teaching sensory processing styles.

Conclusion: We suggest that cognitive-behavioral therapy and sensory processing styles training are useful for parents. They help to thought control, ethical behavior and parents, mental health.



Cognitive-behavioral interventions; Sensory processing styles; Behavioral problems


Heydari J, Azimi H, Mahmoudi G, Mohammadpour RA. Prevalence of behavior-emotional disorders and its associated factors among the primary school students of Sari township in 2006. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2007;16(56):91-100.

Rezaei T, Yazdi-Ravandi S, Ghaleiha A, Rabiei S, Ali M. Depression among medical students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2014: The Role of demographic variables. Pajouhan Scientific Journal. 2015;13(4):1-8.

Azami E, Hajsadeghi Z, Yazdi-Ravandi S. The comparative study of effectiveness of training communication andemotional skills on parenting stress of mothers with autism children. Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences. 2017;18(56):1-11.

Astill RG, Van der Heijden KB, Van IJzendoorn MH, Van Someren EJ. Sleep, cognition, and behavioral problems in school-age children: A century of research meta-analyzed. Psychological bulletin. 2012;138(6):1109.

Sarihi N, Pournesaei G, Nikakhlagh M. Effectiveness of group play therapy on behavior problems in preschool children. Journal of Analytical-Cognitive Psychology. 2015;6(23):35-41.

Saberi H. Epidemiology of emotional and behavioral disorders in elementary children. Thought & Behavior in Clinical Psychology. 2008;2(8):19-34.

Hallahan DP, Kauffman JM, Pullen PC. Exceptional learners: Introduction to special education: Allyn and Bacon Boston; 1997.

Ryan SM, Jorm AF, Lubman DI. Parenting factors associated with reduced adolescent alcohol use: a systematic review of longitudinal studies. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2010;44(9):774-83.

Mohammad Zadeh A, Najafi M. The Role of Anxiety and Depression in Explanation of Attention Deficit Disorders in Primary School-Age Children. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2009;1(4):59-66.

Fortin L, Lessard A, Marcotte D. Comparison by gender of students with behavior problems who dropped out of school. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010;2(2):5530-8.

Lubenko J, Sebre S. Longitudinal associations between adolescent behaviour problems and perceived family relationships. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010;5:785-90.

Goddard N. Child and adolescent psychiatry. In: Wright P SJ, Phelan M, editor. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. p. 169-70.

Jari M KR, Ardalan G, Taheri M, Taslimi M, Motlagh ME. Prevalence of Behavioral Disorders in Iranian Children. J Health Syst Res. 2016;12(1):109-13.

Cerel J, Fristad MA, Verducci J, Weller RA, Weller EB. Childhood bereavement: psychopathology in the 2 years postparental death. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2006;45(6):681-90.

Rossell J, Bernal G, Rivera-Medina C. Individual and Group CBT and IPT for adolescents with depression symptoms. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2008;14(3):234-45.

Franklin ME, Kratz HE, Freeman JB, Ivarsson T, Heyman I, Sookman D, et al. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: empirical review and clinical recommendations. Psychiatry research. 2015;227(1):78-92.

Qutaiba A. Cognitive behavioral intervention in dealing with school violence among Arab Palestinian adolescents in Israel. Procedia-social and behavioral sciences. 2010;5:1317-25.

Kopacz KA. Effects of sensory integration on behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement. Boston, Massachusetts: Northeastern University; 2010.

Jagiellowicz J, Xu X, Aron A, Aron E, Cao G, Feng T, et al. The trait of sensory processing sensitivity and neural responses to changes in visual scenes. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. 2010;6(1):38-47.

Eskandari B, Pouretemad H, Habibi Asgarabad M, Mazaheri tehrani MA. Effect of Sensory Processing Style Interventions on increasing parental self-efficacy and child-parent relationship in children with autism. Journal of Exceptional Education. 2016;1(138):14-21.

Brown C, Dunn W. Adolescent-adult sensory profile: user's manual: Therapy Skill Builders San Antonio; 2002.

Baker AE, Lane A, Angley MT, Young RL. The relationship between sensory processing patterns and behavioural responsiveness in autistic disorder: A pilot study. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2008;38(5):867-75.

Roberts JE, King-Thomas L, Boccia ML. Behavioral indexes of the efficacy of sensory integration therapy. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2007;61(5):555-62.

Liss M, Timmel L, Baxley K, Killingsworth P. Sensory processing sensitivity and its relation to parental bonding, anxiety, and depression. Personality and individual differences. 2005;39(8):1429-39.

Pluess M, Boniwell I. Sensory-processing sensitivity predicts treatment response to a school-based depression prevention program: Evidence of vantage sensitivity. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015;82:40-5.

Dehghan F. Sensory Processing and Behavior. Journal of Exceptional Education. 2016;5(142):11-7.

Molagholamreza Tabasi F, Aliabadi F, Alizade zarei M, Qorbani M, Rostami R. The relationship between behavioral problems and sensory processing in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies. 2016;6(0):282-7.

Zareh M, Ahmadi S. The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Play Therapy on decreasing behavior problems in children. Thought & Behavior in Clinical Psychology. 2007;1(3):18-28.

Achenbach TM, Edelbrock CS. Manual for the youth self-report and profile. Vermont: University of Vermont. Department of Psychiatry; 1987.

Minaee A. Adaptation and standardization Achenbach child behavior questionnaire, self-report and teacher report. Res Except Children. 2006;19(1):529-58.

Gallagher HM, Rabian BA, McCloskey MS. A brief group cognitive-behavioral intervention for social phobia in childhood. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2004;18(4):459-79.

Spence SH, Donovan C, Brechman-Toussaint M. The treatment of childhood social phobia: The effectiveness of a social skills training-based, cognitive-behavioural intervention, with and without parental involvement. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 2000;41(6):713-26.

Mahmoodi N, Abdollahi MH, Shahgholian M, Gohari S. Mediating role of the positive and negative affect on the relationship between Sensory Processing Sensitivity and alexitimiya. Social Cognition. 2015;4(7):28-40.

Rathod V, Shah V, Alagesen J, Soundararajan P. Effect of sensory integration therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research 2015;3(2):947-54.


  • There are currently no refbacks.